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Cubans and a Little Bit of Amerindian Genes

Chorro de Maita site mueseum, in a former graveyard were Cuban Amerindians were burried, and some Spaniards too. Photo: Amauris Betancourt S   Recent studies at the cemetery of Chorro de Maita, discovered in 1986 in the hill of Yaguajay, in the municipality of Banes, Holguin province, confirmed the presence of Cubans in the American heritage, a condition present in its essences and blood.

This truth emerged from the new confirmation that the aboriginal was not quickly or completely extinguished as it is traditionally and wrongly exposed in some history books. Instead, and to a certain extent, it managed to survive the clash with the medieval European culture in points like Maita in Banes, Barajagua in Cueto and others.

Many of them (the elite, the youngest and many women) managed to assume some of the habits of the Spanish colonizers - getting dressed and wearing shoes, for instance -, which led them to miscegenation and the implantation on genome.

There was enough evidence for this, but it had not been previously proven on national scale. Yet it allowed for a deeper research carried out by the end of 2012 by the National Medical Genetic Center (CNGM for its Spanish acronyms). Other studies had been previously held without this outreach.

The research using samples from all provinces, and carried out by Medical Sciences PhD Beatriz Marcheco Teruel, set the average presence of the indigenous in 12% of the mitochondrial DNA of the Cuban people, which backed the conclusions previously made by PhD Roberto Valcarcel Rojas and other specialists.

The believe that the place had aboriginal population during great part of the 16th century and think that other similar settlements may have existed in the rest of the country.

Valcarcel Rojas pointed that the new archeological evidence change focus and theories on different issues formulated over the past decades. Chorro de Maita, he said, is not properly an aboriginal cemetery, but a graveyard of an aboriginal settlement. Therefore, it can be the sum of one of the necropolis of the most ancient transculturation period of America.

It is a different cemetery: neither aboriginal, nor Christian… for it has components from both cultural groups. / Source: ahora.cu.



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